Eye injuries are possible in car crashes, and they can be devastating to the victims. While some injuries may heal, others may cause permanent blindness. Most injuries to the eyes are suffered as a result of hitting the steering wheel, coming into contact with the airbag or being hit with broken glass.
The National Institutes of Health states that motor vehicle collisions are a leading cause of eye injuries in the United States. There are several kinds of eye injuries that could occur including:
- Corneal abrasions
- Black eyes
- Lacerations to the eyelids
- Detached retinas
- Orbital fracture
These injuries, as well as others, may threaten your sight, so it's essential to get medical care as soon as possible.
Of the above, a detached retina is among the most severe. The retina is tissue that lines the eyes. The retina sends information from the eye to the brain through the optic nerve, so that you can see. A torn retina may be painless, but it can cause victims to see flashes of light, particles in their field of vision, to have blurred vision or to have impaired side vision. A torn retina is serious, and there is a high risk of permanent vision loss if it is not treated soon after it occurs.
After a crash, any changes in vision should be addressed quickly. While you may believe your eyes are just blurry or struggling due to the impact, more serious factors could be at play. It's necessary to get a full medical exam to make sure you can retain your vision.